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Conjunctions to Conjunctive Adverbs

In each item below, the sentence contains a highlighted conjunction expressing a time relationship, followed by a conjunctive adverb in parentheses. In the blank box under each item, rewrite the sentence (possibly as two new sentences), replacing the conjunction with the conjunctive adverb. Change the meaning of the original sentence as little as possible.

EXAMPLE

    I read the newspaper while my son mowed the lawn. (meanwhile)

ANSWER

    I read the newspaper. Meanwhile, my son mowed the lawn.

After you rewrite each sentence, click on ANSWER to compare your sentence with the expected response shown in the answer box at the bottom of the page. (You can click your browser's RELOAD button to clear your typed answers.)

1. John wrote his essay outline after he had discussed some ideas with his partner. (Previously).  ANSWER
ANSWER: John wrote his essay outline. PREVIOUSLY, he had discussed some ideas with his partner.

2. John discussed some ideas with his partner before he wrote his essay outline. (Subsequently).  ANSWER
ANSWER: John discussed some ideas with his partner. SUBSEQUENTLY, he wrote his essay outline.

3. He could do nothing but stare into space as the deadline approached. (Meanwhile).  ANSWER
ANSWER: He could do nothing but stare into space. MEANWHILE, the deadline approached.

4. The bank robber escaped by the time that the police arrived on the scene. (Then).  ANSWER
ANSWER: The bank robber escaped. THEN the police arrived on the scene.